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Farming

On farm meeting for politicians

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Discussing family farms' future: Adam Price and Jonathan Edwards

PROTECTING the Welsh family farm was on the agenda in its broadest sense this week as the Farmers Union of Wales hosted a visit for local AM Adam Price, MP Jonathan Edwards and Police Commissioner Dafydd Llywelyn.

The visit to Mr & Mrs Rickman’s Gurnos Farm in Bethlehem took place on Friday​ (Feb 16)​ with representatives of farmers, unions, animal feed suppliers and work-from-home businesses all present to question the elected members.

Topics of discussion included the future of the family farm model were the UK to leave the Single Market and Customs Union, making the industry attractive to young people, connectivity, transport and security matters.

Dyfed Powys Police Commissioner, Dafydd Llywellyn was on hand to discuss rural crime and the considerations which need to be given to the way in which ports and borders operate after Brexit.

In 2016, Wales exported 92.7% of its meat to the EU, excluding the UK, tariff-free. Nearly 70% of all Welsh exports went to the EU. The trade agreement negotiated will, therefore, be of crucial importance to Wales’ farmers. Plaid Cymru politicians have consistently supported membership of Single Market and Customs Union as the best way to protect the interests of local farmers.

Speaking after the farm visit Assembly Member Adam Price said: “Wales’ high-quality food and drink is underpinned by high animal health and welfare and environmental standards. Our farmers can therefore compete with farmers anywhere in the world on the quality of their products, but they are not well-placed to compete on cost.

“The Welsh and UK Governments should therefore ensure a transition period for the future funding arrangements equivalent to the durations of the current and next Common Agricultural Policy funding cycle.

“In order to protect Welsh farmers, we were pleased to give an assurance on our visit that Plaid Cymru will require the UK Government to seek the endorsement of each UK country before any future trade deal can be signed.

“Leaving the EU does provide some opportunities, for example, EU regulation on procurement has been a hindrance to developing procurement policies that could benefit the Welsh food and drink industry. Public sector procurement, including by schools and hospitals, should favour produce from Wales as much as possible.

“The connection between farming and wider rural economies communities needs to be better recognised in future; through improved broadband and transport infrastructure; enabling farmers to develop small community energy schemes; and recognising farmers’ role in improving health, wellbeing, protecting our language, and attracting tourism through maintaining landscapes.”

Member of Parliament Jonathan Edwards said: “Of all Wales’ industries, agriculture faces the most uncertainty following the decision to leave the EU.

“Without the right trade agreement in place, the right regulatory framework and the right support, the consequences for our agricultural industry and wider rural economy will be disastrous.

“According to Hybu Cig Cymru, a scenario where the UK trades with the EU under World Trade Organisation rules could mean tariffs of 84% on cattle carcasses, 46% on lamb carcasses and 61% on cuts of lamb. The Tories promise to ‘grow more, sell more and export more great British food,’ but they do not explain how this will be done.

“The message I gave during my visit is that I and my Plaid Cymru colleagues will resist any attempts by the Tory hard-brexiteers to sell Welsh produce down the river in favour of the financial interests of the City of London.”

Farming

Cattle and sheep prices rise

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Prices up: But warnings given

HISTORICALLY high market prices for cattle and sheep are helping to push Wales’ agricultural sector into the black, according to market analysis by Hybu Cig Cymru – Meat Promotion Wales (HCC).

Welsh Government projections, released as part of its ‘Aggregate agricultural output and income’ and ‘Forecast of farm incomes in Wales’ statistical reports, show that agriculture is now worth almost £1.6 billion to the Welsh economy.

Beef and sheep farming – along with the dairy sector – are by far the largest contributors to this value, with the PGI Welsh Lamb and PGI Welsh Beef brands helping to secure millions in sales in the UK and export markets.

According to HCC, strong cattle and sheep prices at market are continuing to help sustain profitability, although the weather has had an impact.

“Market prices for June have continued the trend we’ve seen since the beginning of the year,” said HCC’s Data Analyst Glesni Phillips. “Poor weather in early spring is restricting the number of new season lambs coming on to the market, which has contributed to prices remaining around 10p per kilo higher than last year. Beef cattle prices are also strong, helped by a barbecue boom in the warm month of May.”

However, Glesni noted that average farm incomes were still modest, and that uncertainty over access to vital European markets after Brexit meant that forecasting future price movements was unusually difficult.

“According to Welsh Government figures, average incomes on a beef and sheep enterprise in the Less Favoured Area (LFA – which makes up over 80% of Wales’s agricultural land) are only just over £25,000,” she said. “Given that market prices are unlikely to remain at this level, and that considerable political uncertainty exists over possible levels of exports and imports of red meat, this highlights the need for agricultural businesses to prioritise on-farm efficiency as part of their Brexit preparations.”

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Farming

TFA calls for Inheritance Tax changes

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Radical change: TFA wants major tax reform

THE TENANT F​ARMERS ASSOCIATION (TFA) has called for a radical change in the operation of Agricultural Property Relief (APR) in its response to the call for evidence issued by the Office for Tax Simplification for its Inheritance Tax review.

TFA Chief Executive George Dunn said “For many rural landlords the taxation framework within which they operate has a major influence over the decisions they make about how they manage their land. The TFA believes that the Government should be using this sensitivity as leverage to achieve wider objectives for the resilience and sustainability of the tenanted sector of agriculture”.

The introduction of the Agricultural Tenancies Act 1995 represented a major deregulation of the agricultural let sector. Farm Business Tenancies (FBTs) were ushered in with the intention of improved efficiency of land use, whilst increasing opportunities for both progressing farmers and new entrants within the agricultural sector.

“Over two decades on and the TFA believes that neither of these objectives have been attained. Whilst we saw an increase in the amount of let land through the early years of the new legislation this has, by and large, tailed off. However, the biggest failing has been the perpetuation of short lengths of term leading to inefficiency. Short term tenancies are holding back progression, investment and sustainable land use. FBTs have been too short for too long and now is the time for that to change,” said Mr Dunn.

A big advantage to the taxpaying landlord is the ability to have 100% APR from Inheritance Tax for the agricultural value of their holdings let after the 01 September 1995. However, the TFA questions whether this relief should be so widely available. In circumstances where landlords choose to let for short lengths of term, there is little in the national interest to be gained from providing landlords with such a generous tax advantage.

“There needs to be a radical reform of the Inheritance Tax framework for agricultural land as it applies to landlords. Allowing for exemptions for specialist cropping lets on a rotational basis, APR should be abolished except in relation to land let for 10 years or more without a landlord’s break clause,” said Mr Dunn.

“Using changes in APR to improve the average length of term on FBTs will impact positively on the productivity, resilience and sustainability of the tenanted sector of agriculture, which is now responsible for farming around a third of the agricultural area of the country,” said Mr Dunn

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Farming

Royal Welsh to be blooming great

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The Great Royal Welsh Bloom Off: New at this year's Show

THE ROYAL W​ELSH AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY has announced it will be holding ‘The Great Royal Welsh Bloom Off’ competition during the main show on July 23-26.

Have you got a wedding coming up? This would be the perfect opportunity to learn how to arrange wedding flowers and win a wedding bouquet designed and arranged by renowned, award winning florist, Jonathan Lloyd-Davies.

Designed and sponsored by Johnathan of Johnathan’s Flowers, the competition, taking place in the Horticulture Marquee on the Tuesday (Jul 24) of the show, is open to anyone who has not previously competed in the floral art section of the Royal Welsh Show or Winter Fair, and who is interested in learning how to arrange flowers for an upcoming wedding.

Competitors do not need any previous experience (No NAFAS members), there will be no entry fee and all materials will be provided. But hurry, entries must be made in advance as spaces are limited.

The competition will follow the lines of the popular ‘Great British Bake Off’ programme, with contestants, in this instance, first taught to delicately arrange wedding style button holes, with the successful competitors proceeding to the next round to create a beautiful bridal bouquet under Johnathan’s watchful eye.

Jonathan established his business, Jonathan’s Flowers (www.jonathansflowers.co.uk), back in 1993 and has since gone on to provide an inspirational and personal florist service to South Wales and beyond. Specialising in floral designs to weddings and corporate clients, Johnathan has an impressive list of happy clients, including Catherine Zeta Jones, Bonnie Tyler, leading hotels in both Cardiff and Swansea, Glorious Goodwood, Royal Ascot and Wentworth Golf Club, to name just a few.

This exciting competition is just one of the many floral extravaganzas you will find in the Horticulture Marquee at the Royal Welsh Show. Packed full of fruits, vegetables, floral art displays, cut flowers, pot plants, window boxes and planters, a children’s decorated wheelbarrow competition, demonstrations, gardening question time, and the Welsh National Honey Show, amongst other delights… it really is worth a visit!

For more details and entry forms for ‘The Great Royal Welsh Bloom Off’, please contact: 01982 554409 / amanda@rwas.co.uk

The pinnacle event in the British agricultural calendar, the Royal Welsh Show, will be held on ​July ​23 – 26​ ​at the showground in Llanelwedd, Builth Wells.

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