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Climate

Marine Energy alliances propel Wales towards net zero ambitions

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  • Marine Energy Wales and UK Marine Energy Council Join Forces to Champion Marine Industry Growth

IN A LANDMARK move that underscores their unwavering commitment to advancing the marine industry in Wales and the broader United Kingdom, Marine Energy Wales (MEW) and the UK Marine Energy Council (MEC) have officially inked a Memorandum of Understanding. This pivotal agreement solidifies their collaborative efforts to bolster marine energy, playing a pivotal role in Britain’s secure and cost-effective transition towards achieving Net Zero.

This momentous pact is anticipated to serve as a catalyst for identifying synergistic opportunities and forging collaborations, with a particular focus on the development of tidal stream and wave energy.

Tidal stream technology, which capitalizes on the gravitational interplay between the Earth, Moon, and Sun, represents a reliable and entirely predictable renewable energy resource. Already, it has contributed over 70 gigawatt-hours of electricity to the UK grid, sufficient to power more than 25,000 homes for an entire year. Recent renewable energy auctions have resulted in the allocation of resources to four successful projects in Wales, marking a trajectory towards deploying over 25 megawatts of tidal stream capacity by 2028.

Wave energy, often deemed the world’s largest untapped energy source, is estimated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to possess an annual global production potential of 29,500 terawatt-hours. This astonishing capacity could supply clean electricity to more than 500 million households worldwide. In Wales, visionary companies such as Bombora and Marine Power Systems are leading the charge in developing potent wave energy converters and exploring the integration of wave and wind devices.

The recent triumph of tidal energy projects in the latest Contracts for Difference (AR5) auction has breathed new life into the technology’s prospects. However, organizations like MEW and the MEC remain steadfast in their call for sustained, unwavering, and predictable revenue support from governments to nurture the industry’s growth.

MEW and MEC are now collectively urging the government to maintain a dedicated funding reservoir for tidal energy technologies in forthcoming auction rounds.

With the signing of this groundbreaking agreement, MEW and MEC have committed to the following objectives:

  • Champion the case for renewable energy deployment in Wales and the UK by actively engaging with stakeholders and dismantling obstacles faced by developers.
  • Cultivate a robust supply chain capable of supporting all facets of renewable energy endeavors.
  • Host events that elevate Wales’ profile, attract investments, and foster business development, political engagement, and networking.
  • Advocate for an enabling policy environment conducive to marine energy.

Tom Hill, the Programme Manager of Marine Energy Wales, expressed his admiration for MEC’s longstanding dedication to ensuring a favorable political landscape for marine renewables. He hailed the agreement as a foundation for enhanced impact and synchronized messaging between the two organizations.

Richard Arnold, Policy Director at the Marine Energy Council, highlighted Wales’ tremendous marine energy potential and stressed the significance of the right policy framework in harnessing this potential, generating green employment opportunities, nurturing supply chains, and positioning Wales as a global exporter of marine technology and expertise.

Collaboration between industry stakeholders and both the UK and Welsh governments is envisaged as the linchpin in achieving Wales’ ambitious goal of establishing 6 gigawatts of marine energy capacity and realizing its Net Zero aspirations. Marine Energy Wales has been at the forefront of these endeavors, and this partnership is expected to expedite the deployment of marine energy technologies, ensuring a cleaner and more sustainable future for all.

Climate

Pembrokeshire announced as new location for Atlantic rainforest restoration  

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THE WILDLIFE Trust of South and West Wales (WTSWW) will begin restoring lost Atlantic rainforest in Pembrokeshire thanks to a long-term partnership with Aviva. 

Today, Monday 15th July, WTSWW reveals plans to improve habitats and recreate temperate rainforest at Trellwyn Fach near the Pembrokeshire coast. Rainforests used to cover much of the west coast of Britain though were destroyed over hundreds of years and today, only fragments remain. 

Rainforest restoration forms part of a wider programme of nature-based projects to remove carbon from the atmosphere and help nature recover, funded by Aviva’s donation. Communities in Pembrokeshire will be closely involved in the project, with plans for volunteering, educational and employment opportunities, as well as improved access to nature. 

The project at Trellwyn Fach is part The Wildlife Trusts’ Atlantic rainforest recovery programme, which is supported by a £38 million donation from Aviva. 

The Aviva donation supports the programme to restore temperate rainforests in areas where they used to grow along the damper, western climes of the British Isles. Other rainforest restoration projects have been announced in Devon, North Wales and the Isle of Man. 

Sarah Kessell, Chief Executive at WTSWW said told The Pembrokeshire Herald: “We’re delighted this rainforest restoration project at Trellwyn Fach can get started.  This site is ideally situated in the Gwaun valley, already connected to Celtic rainforest remnants and giving us the opportunity to buffer and extend this amazing habitat as well as improving access for the local community.  These are exciting times!”  

Leah Ramoutar, Director of Environmental Sustainability, Aviva, added: “We’re proud to see the Wildlife Trust add another site to the rainforest restoration project, helping Wales become more climate ready. The site in Trellwyn Fach will connect with existing examples of this precious habitat, reestablishing natural corridors to benefit wildlife and add more natural beauty to this stunning part of Wales. It will also provide flood resilience to nearby homes and businesses as well as green jobs and volunteering opportunities to the local community.” 

Trellwyn Fach is 146 acres, next to the village of Llanychaer, and just 2 miles from Fishguard.  The southern tip of the site connects with the Gwaun Valley woodland, itself a remnant Celtic rainforest.  The north end runs onto open moorland on Dinas mountain. From the top of the site there are views of the Preseli Mountains.  There is little diversity on the majority of the land with nearly all fields being of semi-improved rye grassland that were grazed by sheep, but there are some wetter areas and some lovely, mature hedgerows of blackthorn, hawthorn, hazel, oak, gorse and holly.  Overall, the potential to improve habitats for wildlife is high.   

WTSWW’s plans to improve the wildlife value of the new nature reserve through low-intensity grazing of some areas, working with local graziers.  The Trust’s conservation team will monitor changes in biodiversity through habitat and species surveys including breeding bird surveys and butterfly transects.   

Around two-thirds of the site will become broadleaved woodland through planting and natural regeneration, to buffer the existing woodland and to support the wider connectivity of remnant Celtic rainforest in the landscape.  This woodland corridor leads in an arc through the Gwaun Valley, to Pengelli Forest (a WTSWW nature reserve) and the latest plans will contribute greatly to increasing the area of temperate rainforest in north Pembrokeshire.  This complements recent work undertaken by Cwm Arian’s ‘Growing Better Connections’ project which engaged with private landowners in the same area to plant up land and/or hedgerows to link woodland habitats in north Pembrokeshire.  

A bridleway runs across the bottom part of the site and there is scope to connect walking trails up to Dinas mountain to improve pedestrian access from Llanychaer.  There are excellent opportunities to involve local communities in the development and monitoring of this new nature reserve.   

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Climate

Solar power partnership lighting up community energy fortnight

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THE PARTNERSHIP between Pembrokeshire County Council and a community energy charity has recently helped two sites reduce costs and carbon emissions with solar panels.

During community energy fortnight, running until July 14th, the Green Pembrokeshire team is highlighting the second phase of work with Egni Co-op, a community energy organisation that installs rooftop Solar PV systems.

Egni cover the cost of installation and then sell the generated electricity to the building owner at a discount, with all profits generated used to fund further projects and environmental educational programmes.

In early 2023 Egni was awarded the contract to install systems on around 20 schools and leisure centres across the County and will manage and maintain the systems for 20 years.

It’s estimated that the solar panels will prevent the emission of approximately 200 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year and should save the schools and leisure centres £180,000 per year in energy costs.

This second phase has seen Fishguard Leisure Centre add a 170kW system to its existing 50kW provision and the energy will be sold to the building at a reduced rate. With the combined systems generating around 187,000 kWh a year, nearly 40 tonnes of CO2 will be offset.

During the first part of the month more than half the Centre’s electrical energy has been provided by the solar panels and daytime dependence on the grid is almost zero during the summer.

Also boosting its solar panel system is Tavernspite School where a 27kW system has been installed with discounted electricity reducing dependence on the electrical grid and offsetting approximately five tonnes of carbon emissions per year.

The school is one of many also benefiting from Egni’s education programme, alongside Sustainable Schools Pembrokeshire.

Egni Workshops challenge pupils to make the connection between energy and climate change, and school to reduce their energy through campaigning for behaviour change.

Cabinet Member for Place, the Region and Climate Change Cllr Paul Miller said: “These two sites are the latest to benefit from this innovative scheme that is helping the Council and its buildings make carbon savings, as well as saving money, without capital costs.”

Jenny Carlisle, Egni Development Manager, said: “We are delighted to be working with the Council and young people in Pembrokeshire schools. It’s a great example of co-operation. We all need to work together to tackle climate change and keep money in the Welsh economy.”

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Climate

Marine Energy Boosts Welsh economy by £30m, Pembrokeshire leads

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IN the 2023/24 financial year, Wales’ marine renewable energy sector delivered a substantial £29.9 million to the Welsh economy, as revealed in the latest State of the Sector Report by Marine Energy Wales. This brings the total cumulative spending and investment in the sector to an impressive £292.9 million.

Despite a notable reduction from the previous year’s £103.4 million, this year’s figure remains the second highest annual spend recorded to date. The decline is attributed to the conclusion of European grant funding and the completion of significant infrastructure projects, such as the Morlais development on Anglesey, which inflated last year’s expenditures.

Jeremy Miles, Cabinet Secretary for Economy, Energy and Welsh Language, expressed optimism about the sector’s future: “Wales is well placed to be at the forefront of marine energy technologies. Maximising this opportunity is an important step towards our path to net zero, attracting investment and creating highly skilled and well-paid jobs, particularly in coastal communities.”

The report highlights the considerable contribution of the tidal stream sector, which has injected £116.1 million into the Welsh economy since 2019, largely due to the Morlais infrastructure and the efforts of tidal kite developer Minesto.

Anglesey and Pembrokeshire are at the forefront of this growth, with Anglesey leading with £103.8 million in investments to date, closely followed by Pembrokeshire at £97 million. Swansea is also emerging as a key player, with £39.2 million invested in marine energy development.

The sector currently sustains 429 full-time jobs across Wales, with Pembrokeshire employing the highest number of people in the sector at 260 FTEs. This is due to the county’s established supply chain, which includes fabricators, engineers, and environmental consultants. Both Swansea and Anglesey also contribute significantly to employment in this sector.

Tam Bardell, Chair of Marine Energy Wales, underscored the importance of maintaining momentum: “We have just over a decade to meet the Welsh Government’s target of 100% renewable energy by 2035. While generating around 59% from renewable sources, we still have a long way to go. This report is not just a reflection of our achievements but a call to action.”

The future of the sector looks promising, particularly for tidal stream and floating offshore wind (FLOW), with a projected £486 million spend over the next five years in Wales. Continued support from governmental policies and increased private sector investment are essential for overcoming current barriers and ensuring Wales’ progression as a global leader in marine renewable energy generation.

As the sector grows, improving gender balance and diversifying roles remain positive steps forward, ensuring the industry’s sustainable development and its pivotal role in Wales’ economic and environmental future.

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