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Farming

Processed potatoes perform positively

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Crisp trade: Exports continue to grow

THE UK potato trade saw strong performance from its processed potato sectors in the first seven months of the 2017/18 marketing season.

Trade of frozen potato goods, by far the largest imported potato commodity, has seen strong growth both leaving and entering the UK, although imports still outweigh exports by ten-fold. Movement of crisps and canned potatoes has continued to show encouraging signs of increased UK exports and reduced dependence on foreign imports.

The UK remains a net exporter of crisps, with exports continuing to grow. Exports of crisps increased by 12% between July and January this year compared to the same period last season. This was largely driven by increased demand from Ireland who imported 9.3Kt in the first seven months of the 2017/18 season, an increase of 23% on the year.

Crisps exported to Ireland have seen strong growth over the past five years, increasing by 70% since the 2013/14 season. Meanwhile, imports of crisps increased this season by 29% between July and January when compared to last year, reaching 12.1Kt. This follows increased imports from Ireland, Spain and France.

In contrast, the UK remains a net importer of frozen chips, which are typically used in the food service industry. Imports reached 370.2Kt in the first seven months of 2017/18, an increase of 8.4% from the same period in 2016/17 (see fig 2). Imports between July and January have consistently increased year on year since 2009/10. This year’s increase is largely driven by a 25.2Kt increase in imports from the Netherlands taking their total to 227.2Kt, representing a 12% increase year on year.

Although exports of frozen chips is a relatively small market compared to imports, interesting increases have been observed in the first seven months of 2017/18. The UK exported 34.4Kt of frozen chips between July and January (2017/18), with Ireland remaining the primary destination receiving 17.9Kt and having steadily increased its demand by 28% since 2013/14. This reflects a growing market for UK exporters driven by limited processing capacity in Ireland.

Interestingly exports to the Netherlands (the nation where we receive most from) reached 9.6Kt in the first seven months of this season, increasing by 413% from the same period last year. Brazil also appears to be an emerging market for frozen chip exports with it receiving 4.8Kt in the first seven months of the 2017/18 season. Brazil imported 214Kt of frozen chips in the first seven months of this season, an increase of 9% from the same period last year, with the bulk sourced from Argentina, Belgium and the Netherlands.

Latest data suggests that the UK is moving closer to trade parity for processed canned potatoes from its recent position as a net importer, with UK imports in the first seven months of the crop season declining by 13% and exports increasing by 56% since 2013/14 respectively.

Imports from Belgium, our largest source of canned potatoes, fell 8% to 8.6Kt in the first seven months of the season when compared to the same period last year. In terms of UK exports, they increased by 3% year on year to 15.4Kt. Nigeria remains the UK’s main importer of canned potatoes, increasing its imports by 23% to 6.6Kt in the first seven months of the season.

In summary, trade of canned potatoes and crisps has increased both into and out of the UK between July and January 2017/18, with the UK moving closer to trade parity for canned potatoes. The UK has further expanded its imports of frozen processed potatoes so far this season indicating increased domestic demand, although the export of frozen chips also appears to be a growing market. The UK’s closest neighbour, Ireland, has been growing as a key export destination for British processed potato products in recent years and it will be interesting to see how this develops post Brexit.

Farming

Alpaca settle in on Welsh hills

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A HERD of alpaca at Aberystwyth University’s upland research centre welcomed two new arrivals during the Covid-19 lockdown.
One male and one female baby alpaca, known as cria, were born at the Pwllpeiran Upland Research Platform and are settling down to life in the Cambrian Mountains.
They are the first cria to be born on the University’s land and to be registered under the centre’s new stud prefix ‘Peiran’.
Peiran Champagne and Peiran Cosmopolitan join a small herd of alpacas who arrived at Pwllpeiran in October 2019 as part of a new research project.
Scientists want to see whether the South American alpaca is suited to life in the Welsh hills and could provide new opportunities for uplands farming.
These long-necked animals, similar to the llama, are renowned for the quality of their fibre (wool) and are happy to feed on low quality grasses which are often snubbed by sheep.
The research project is being led by Dr Mariecia Fraser at the Pwllpeiran Upland Research Centre, which is part of the University’s Institute for Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS).
“These are changing times for Welsh upland farming, with the next round of support payments expected to push for a shift away from primary agricultural production towards nature conservation and carbon reduction. In setting up a research herd of alpacas at Pwllpeiran, we want to test whether the alpaca could offer hill farmers a viable alternative to sheep.
“As well as producing high quality fibre, camelids like alpacas have evolved adaptations to enable them to live off poor quality tussock grasses in the Andes, and are happy to tuck into invasive grasses such as Molinia. These forages grow in abundance on the Welsh uplands but tend to be shunned by native sheep. We’ll be looking at the impact of their grazing and how well they could fit in to traditional patterns of farming here,” said Dr Fraser.
The establishment of the initial research herd is being funded by the Joy Welch Educational Charitable Trust, which was set up by the Aberystwyth alumna in 1988.

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Farming

Beef calf registrations increase

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NEW figures released by the British Cattle Movement Service (BCMS) suggests that the number of beef calves registered in Wales in the first five months of 2020 is the highest it’s been for several years.
Across Britain there has been an overall rise of 1.2% in calves – both dairy and beef – registered between January and May 2020, compared to the same period last year. In Wales the figure is higher, with an increase of 3.1%.
According to analysis by Hybu Cig Cymru – Meat Promotion Wales (HCC) the statistics reflect a range of factors, including a trend of producing more cross-bred calves from the dairy herd.
Some of the beef breeds and cross breeds showing the biggest increases in terms of calf registrations in Wales include the Aberdeen Angus (up 11.7%) and Hereford (up 4.8%), whilst both Charolais and British Blue registrations are up just over 4%.
The 2020 figures are a contrast to the last five years, where BCMS calf registration data has indicated a flat picture in the Welsh beef registrations.
HCC market analyst Glesni Phillips said, “These figures could show a positive sign for the future of the beef industry in Wales, and reflect broader trends in both the beef and dairy sectors.
“This comes despite the beef sector being hit by uncertainty in recent times. A combination of market conditions led to low farm-gate prices last year, and demand fluctuated widely in the early stages of the Coronavirus lockdown as pubs and restaurants closed their doors.
“However, we’ve seen encouraging consumption figures throughout Britain in the second half of the spring, with great support from consumers for home-produced beef, with its high standards of welfare and environmental sustainability.”
One high-profile new entrant into the beef sector is international rugby referee Nigel Owens MBE, who has recently started his own ‘Mairwen’ herd of Hereford cattle in Carmarthenshire.
“Having worked at Wern Farm Drefach when I was younger it had always been a dream of mine to keep my own herd,” said Nigel, who has built up to around 30 cattle so far on a 116-acre holding, “and if anything the lockdown has given the chance to get things up and running more quickly, as we’ve been able to get on with fencing, hedge-laying and developing our soil and pasture.”
Nigel added, “Each breed has its supporters, but from an early age I recall visiting my uncle and aunt’s farm, Pentwyn in Llannon, who had a Hereford bull running with the dairy herd. My cousin Helen and Gwyndaf near Aberaeron who run the Creuddyn Hereford herd have also been a valuable source of advice. For me, the cattle have a calm nature and calve easily. They’ll also produce good-quality meat which is important as we develop the business in future.”

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Farming

New edition of Welsh meat ‘Bible’ launched

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HYBU Cig Cymru – Meat Promotion Wales (HCC) has launched the latest edition of its ‘Little Book of Meat Facts’, the annual digest of facts, figures and trends for the nation’s lamb, beef and pork industries.
Among the key figures in this year’s edition were that Welsh red meat production was worth an estimated £690 million in 2018, compared with £677 million the previous year.
In 2019, total throughput of cattle and calves in Welsh abattoirs stood at 147,600 head, with total beef production totalling 42,900 tonnes (up from 40,000 tonnes the previous year). Throughput of sheep and lambs stood at 3.3 million head, with total sheep meat production totalling 63,400 tonnes, compared with 60,800 in 2018.
France remained the largest destination for lamb exports, but with important growth in trade with Germany which is now in a clear second place. Beef and lamb exports were mostly to Europe, although with significant trade to other markets in the Middle East, East Asia and Canada.
The Little Book also contains information on what kinds of meat British consumers are buying and from which retailers, as well as data on key industry measures such as carcase classification.
HCC Data Analyst Glesni Phillips said; “We usually launch the Little Book of Meat Facts at the Royal Welsh Show, so that farmers and other stakeholders can browse the latest statistics.
“Of course, this year that’s not possible, so we’re launching it virtually and making it available on our website.
“What all the statistics show is that, despite uncertainty surrounding Brexit and now of course the disruption of COVID-19, the red meat sector is hugely important to the Welsh economy. It’s the backbone of rural communities, and also employs large numbers in auction markets, processing and the supply chain, as well as supporting brands which are symbols of our nation’s high-quality food across the world.”

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